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Kentucky Expects Record-High Corn and Soybean Yields
Kentucky Ag Connection - 10/12/2020

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released its crop production report today from the October Agricultural Yield Survey conducted at the beginning of the month. Based on October 1 conditions, the report showed Kentucky corn and soybean yields may be record highs. Kentucky's average corn yield was forecast at 181 bushels per acre, and soybeans were expected to yield 55 bushels per acres.

"Crop conditions were generally better than average for most of the season", said David Knopf, director of the NASS Eastern Mountain Regional Office in Kentucky. "Soybeans rated as good and excellent reached 16 points above the 5-year average in September, and corn conditions were similar. A majority of the corn crop has been harvested and over one-third of the soybeans have been harvested."

Corn production is forecast at 246 million bushels, down 5% from the September forecast and up slightly from the previous crop. Yield was estimated at 181 bushels per acre, unchanged bushels from last month and up 12 bushels from the 2019 level. If realized, it would break the record high yield of 178 bushels per acre set in 2017. Acres for harvest as grain were estimated at 1.36 million acres, down 90,000 acres from 2019. The U.S. corn production is forecast at 14.7 billion bushels, down 1% from the September forecast and up 8% from 2019. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 178.4 bushels per acre, down 0.1 bushels from last month and up 10.9 bushels from 2019. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 82.5 million acres, down 1% from the September forecast and up 1% from 2019.

Soybean production for Kentucky is forecast at 101 million bushels, unchanged from the September forecast and up 30% from 2019. Yield was estimated at 55 bushels per acre, unchanged bushels from last month and up 9.0 bushels from a year ago. At 55 bushels per acre a new yield record would be set surpassing 53 bushels per acre in 2017.a Acreage for harvest as beans was estimated at 1.84 million acres, up 150,000 acres from the previous year. U.S. soybean production is forecast at 4.27 billion bushels, down 1% from the September forecast and up 20% from last year. Based on October 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 51.9 bushels per acre, unchanged bushels from last month and up 4.5 bushels from last year. Area for harvest is forecast at 82.3 million acres, down 1% from the September forecast and up 10% from 2019.

Kentucky burley tobacco production is forecast at 68.4 million pounds, up 12% from the September forecast and down 12% from 2019. Yield was projected at 1,900 pounds per acre, up 200 pounds from last month and unchanged pounds from the 2019 crop. Harvested acreage was estimated at 36,000 acres, down 5,000 acres from last year's crop. For the burley producing states production is forecast at 79.7 million pounds, down 14 % from last year. Burley growers plan to harvest 41,700 acres, down 14% from 2019. Yields were expected to average 1,911 pounds per acre, up 1 pound from last year.

Production of Kentucky dark fire-cured tobacco is forecast at 24.0 million pounds, up 3% from the September forecast and down 13% from the previous year. Dark air-cured tobacco production is forecast at 15.8 million pounds, up 7% from the September forecast and down 12% from last year.

Alfalfa hay production by Kentucky farmers is forecast at 420,000 tons, down 9% the 2019 level. Other hay production is estimated at 4.86 million tons, up 23% from last year.


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